Window nailing fins are a crucial but often neglected element of professional window installation. Let us guide you through the different types of nailing fins, their purpose, and best practices for installing and sealing them.
Whether you’re a DIY enthusiast or a professional contractor, read on to discover everything you need to know about nail fins for windows.
What Are Nailing Fins?
Nailing fins are thin, flat strips typically made of metal or plastic that extend from the outer edge of the window frame. Their primary purpose is to provide a secure attachment point between the window and the wall sheathing. By nailing the fins to the wall, the window becomes firmly anchored in place, ensuring structural integrity and preventing any movement or dislodging.
Additionally, nailing fins work in conjunction with flashing and the weather-resistant barrier (WRB) to create a watertight seal. They help keep wind-driven rain and other elements from infiltrating the window assembly, protecting the interior of the building from water damage and maintaining a comfortable and energy-efficient environment.
The presence of nailing fins on windows is determined by the installation type and the building material. It should be noted that not all windows come with nailing fins. Replacement windows, or inserts, are usually installed without nailing fins, as they are designed to fit within the existing cladding without exposing the wall sheathing.
However, new construction windows and certain specialty windows are equipped with nailing fins to simplify the installation process. Therefore, the decision to use nailing fins depends on the installation method and the type of building material being used.
Types of Nailing Fins
There are two main types of nailing fins: integral nailing fins and non-integral nailing fins. Let’s take a closer look at each type:
Integral Nailing Fins
Integral nailing fins, as the name suggests, are an integral part of the window frame. They are manufactured as one solid piece, with all four corners of the window melted or welded together during assembly. This construction creates a sealed shell around the entire perimeter of the window, providing enhanced strength and sealing capabilities.
Vinyl windows are the most common type of windows that come with integral nailing fins. The vinyl material allows for easy integration of the fins during the manufacturing process, resulting in a durable and weather-resistant window installation.
Non-Integral Nailing Fins
Non-integral nailing fins, also known as applied nailing fins, are separate pieces that are attached to the window frame during or after the manufacturing process. These fins can be made of metal, wood, or fiberglass, depending on the window frame material.
During installation, the area where the fins meet at the corners and the seams between the fins and the frames must be properly sealed to ensure a watertight and airtight seal. Non-integral nailing fins offer several advantages, including foldability, which makes them less prone to damage during storage and transport. They also allow for easier installation of large windows on upper floors, as they can be pushed through the rough opening from the inside.
When to Use Window Nailing Fins
Nailing fins are typically used in those construction projects where the windows are installed before the exterior cladding is applied. However, there are other situations where nailing fins are beneficial:
- Large Windows: Installing large windows can be challenging due to their weight and size. Nailing fins provide additional support and ensure that the windows remain securely in place.
- Upper Floors: When working on higher floors, transporting and carrying windows can be difficult and unsafe. Non-integral nailing fins allow for easier installation by pushing the window through the rough opening from the inside.
- Secure Window Installation: In any situation where a secure and weather-resistant window installation is required, nailing fins can be a valuable addition. They provide peace of mind, knowing that the windows are properly anchored and sealed against water and air infiltration.
Best Practices When Working with Nailing Fins
Proper installation and sealing of nailing fins are crucial to ensure their effectiveness and longevity.
Here are some best practices to keep in mind:
- Follow Manufacturer’s Instructions: Each window manufacturer has specific installation instructions for their products. It is essential to carefully read and follow these instructions to ensure proper installation and warranty compliance.
- Prepare the Rough Opening: Before installing the window, make sure the rough opening is clean and free of debris. Any protrusions, such as nails or screws, should be removed, and the opening should be properly flashed to prevent water penetration.
- Apply a Flexible Sealant: Seal all nailing fins on the rear side with an exterior-grade, non-shrinking, flexible sealant. This prevents water from seeping behind the fins and causing damage to the wall sheathing.
- Seal Fin-to-Frame Junction: For non-integral nailing fins, it is crucial to seal the junction between the fins and the window frame. Use a self-adhesive flashing tape to create a watertight barrier.
- Avoid Overdriving Fasteners: When attaching the window to the wall, be careful not to overdrive the fasteners. Overdriving can compress the sealant and compromise the window’s ability to resist water and air infiltration.
- Inspect and Maintain: Regularly inspect the nailing fins and the entire window assembly for any signs of damage or deterioration. Repair or replace any damaged sealant or flashing to ensure continued protection against water infiltration.
Note: Window Nailing Fins Can Be Overkill
While nailing fins are an essential component of new construction windows, they may not always be necessary for every window installation. In some cases, alternative installation methods, such as mounting clips or brackets, can be used to secure the windows to the wall. These methods are particularly useful when retrofitting windows into existing structures or when the exterior cladding cannot be removed.
It’s important to consult with a window professional or follow the manufacturer’s recommendations to determine the best installation method for your specific window and building type.
How Vistaza Can Help
At Vistaza, we understand the importance of proper window installation and the role that nailing fins play in achieving a secure and weather-resistant window assembly. Contact our team of experts for assistance with all your window needs, from selecting the right windows to guiding installation best practices.